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发表于 2012-1-19 21:17:55 |显示全部楼层
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[DhtmlXQ_title]列手炮(一)[/DhtmlXQ_title]
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[DhtmlXQ_class]象棋谱大全-现代棋书专集[/DhtmlXQ_class]
[DhtmlXQ_event]弈林新编-杨官璘著[/DhtmlXQ_event]
[DhtmlXQ_round]4.布局研究[/DhtmlXQ_round]
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[DhtmlXQ_comment0]《弈林新编》杨官璘编著||||列手炮||||列手炮,又名“逆手炮”、或简称“列炮”,在双方都走抱二平五,就成为列手炮布局。||||列乎炮有很老的资格,如古谱·《橘中秘》等都有专题论述;所以列手炮布局,在棋史上是颇多见的一种布局。||||它的作用,主要是控制中路和各攻一面,因此它常常各集中主力一向不同的方向进攻,而发生剧烈的战斗,所以它的复杂程度不下于顺手炮。总的来说,是硬派作风局势。||||但这里的列手炮局,还有另一种变化。一般来说,在古谱《橘中秘》以及普通常见的列手炮对局,于双方开始至第五着时,往往都是车一平二,通出右车,再行打算。现在这里的特点,就是在第五着红方不走车一平二,而改走马八进七;接着,红方通出左车,首先加强左边的阵势,待制住对方的右翼之后,才开出右车。它的重点,是集中于左边的战斗,而右边又没有后顾之忧,是先手方的一种既有攻势而又比较稳的布局。兹列举如下:[/DhtmlXQ_comment0]
[DhtmlXQ_comment13]如图局势,黑方可走:(一)车1进2,(二)卒7进1,(三)车4进3,(四)车4进5,(五)士4进5。兹将四种着法,演变如下:[/DhtmlXQ_comment13]
[DhtmlXQ_comment37]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment37]
[DhtmlXQ_comment1_33]红方先手。[/DhtmlXQ_comment1_33]
[DhtmlXQ_comment2_33]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment2_33]
[DhtmlXQ_comment3_30]以后变化繁复,各有顾忌。[/DhtmlXQ_comment3_30]
[DhtmlXQ_comment4_27]红方先手。[/DhtmlXQ_comment4_27]
[DhtmlXQ_comment5_39]红大占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment5_39]
[DhtmlXQ_comment6_43]红大占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment6_43]
[DhtmlXQ_comment7_39]红大占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment7_39]
[DhtmlXQ_comment8_31]停着,红方伺机袭击,黑方||仍然难走。[/DhtmlXQ_comment8_31]
[DhtmlXQ_comment9_37]红方先手。[/DhtmlXQ_comment9_37]
[DhtmlXQ_comment10_37]红方稍占先。[/DhtmlXQ_comment10_37]
[DhtmlXQ_comment11_23]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment11_23]
[DhtmlXQ_comment12_27]红方先手。[/DhtmlXQ_comment12_27]
[DhtmlXQ_comment13_21]改走车八进三亦可,仍属红方易走,但局势比较平稳。[/DhtmlXQ_comment13_21]
[DhtmlXQ_comment13_39]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment13_39]
[DhtmlXQ_comment14_45]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment14_45]
[DhtmlXQ_comment15_26]红马受制,红无好处。[/DhtmlXQ_comment15_26]
[DhtmlXQ_comment16_33]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment16_33]
[DhtmlXQ_comment17_35]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment17_35]
[DhtmlXQ_comment18_31]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment18_31]
[DhtmlXQ_comment19_27]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment19_27]
[DhtmlXQ_comment20_23]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment20_23]
[DhtmlXQ_comment21_33]红方稍占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment21_33]
[DhtmlXQ_comment23_37]红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment23_37]
[DhtmlXQ_comment24_20]局势平稳。[/DhtmlXQ_comment24_20]
[DhtmlXQ_comment25_22]各有千秋。[/DhtmlXQ_comment25_22]
[DhtmlXQ_comment26_29]各有顾忌。[/DhtmlXQ_comment26_29]
[DhtmlXQ_comment27_39]红方大占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment27_39]
[DhtmlXQ_comment28_31]红大占优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment28_31]
[DhtmlXQ_comment29_25]仍属红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment29_25]
[DhtmlXQ_comment30_17]仍属红方优势。[/DhtmlXQ_comment30_17]
[DhtmlXQ_comment31_18]红虽多兵,但无便宜,黑方稍占先。[/DhtmlXQ_comment31_18]
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